A study of lesbian mothers is a component of a larger project to explore the personal and socio-cultural manifestations of the ideology of reproductive choice. Lesbian women who are pursuing motherhood separate from men represent a conceptualized possibility that could exist only as a part of the elaboration of the choice of ideology. In this sense, lesbian women pursuing motherhood are a piece of the bigger puzzle. Still, why choose to study this piece when it would appear that the meanings and experiences of motherhood and reproduction have changed for most women? If the ideology of reproductive choice and freedom has changed what it means to pursue motherhood and to be a mother (and I believe it has), then these changes would be worthy of study and, once again, lesbian mothers would constitute only part of the larger puzzle. In this regard, however, lesbian mothers are not any old piece but in some respects may offer superior access to some of the answers I am seeking.